1.CHECK THE PLACEMENT
Imagine you are trapped in a box where you can hardly breathe, your lungs have to work twice as hard. The same thing happens with your fridge, if it is placed in a confined space with no air circulation the compressor has to work twice as hard, which in turn shortens its lifespan. We often fail to consider placement as an important fact when we buy our fridges. Yes, it looks nicer right against the wall but will it last? We also tend to ignore that like any other machine, our fridges need servicing every now and again.
Do not place your fridge near the oven, direct sunlight or any heat vents. Keep a distance of 50mm between your walls and fridge.
2.KEEP YOUR COILS CLEAN
Coils are usually at the back of domestic refrigerators and at the bottom of commercial refrigerators. They are an important part of the cooling process. Not only do dirty coils make your compressor and motor work harder, it shortens the life of your refrigerator.
Vacuum the coils with the upholstery brush on your vacuum cleaner as needed. If you have pets or live in a very dusty environment, vacuum the back monthly.
3.CLEAR THE TOP
Cereal boxes, a crate of eggs or even a decorative plant that goes so well with our kitchen theme, all those need to move from on top of the fridge. By covering the top of your refrigerator, heat cannot properly dissipate and the motor overworks to cool the fridge
Keep the top of your fridge clear and also dust it every now and again.
4.MAKE SURE YOUR GASKET IS SEALING CORRECTLY
A refrigerator gasket is designed to form an air-tight seal that serves as a barrier between the cool air inside the appliance and the warmer external environment. There can be so many reasons why the gasket does not seal properly.
A gasket that doesn’t seal properly allows cold air to escape and moisture to enter which makes the motor work hard to keep your items cool. You also want your gasket to seal properly to avoid any ice buildup in the refrigerator. The ice also makes your refrigerator motor work twice as hard and prevents it from getting cold.
Replace gasket if torn or damaged, clean your gasket often to keep it free from dirt, food, grime etc.
5.KEEP THE FRIDGE FULL
Living in a house full of kids this might be very difficult; the fridge gets empty faster than it gets full, not forgetting how the economy is making it tougher and tougher to keep the refrigerator full. Here is the thing about fridges; there is some kind of balance you need to maintain inside, if it has less items then it means the fridge has to work harder to cool the empty space and maintain a constant temperature. Remember, an over-filled fridge will not work effectively either, so keep it full but not over-full
Use bottles of water to fill empty spaces
Allow air to circulate by leaving a gap between items in the fridge
When freezing, allow room for expansion.
6. DEFROST WHEN NECESSARY
As I mentioned earlier, ice builds up sometimes because of items not being stored properly or the door not sealing. The ice can cause the motor to work hard which shortens the life of the fridge.
Avoid ice by cooling things before you put them in the fridge, never store uncovered food and check your gasket for damage.
7. USE A SURGE PROTECTOR
Load shedding has been one of the country’s biggest problems for the past couple of months. Electricity keeps going off that is why it is advisable to buy a surge protector to protect your fridge from surges when the power comes back on.
Connect the fridge through a surge protector that has an indicator light to show it is working.
8. NIP IT IN THE BUD
Last but not least, the minute you hear an unusual sound or notice anything unusual about the cooling rate, get it checked, the sooner the better so that your problem can be sorted before it becomes irreparable.